*Welcome to Library Services

This guide will introduce you to the services available at the library.

Give Credit Where It’s Due

It’s important to cite your sources to ensure you don’t take credit for someone else’s work. Different standards exist, so use this page to find the major citation styles.

Different academic disciplines have different preferred styles, and some professors have their own standards. See the box below for the most common styles.

Citation Styles

The MLA format, created by the Modern Language Association, is common in English and the humanities. Find the handbook at the library or explore the websites linked below to learn how to use this style in your papers.

This is one of the two most common styles you will use at the university.

Helpful MLA Style Websites

The APA format, created by the American Psychological Association, is commonly used in the sciences. See the guide available at the library or check the websites linked below to learn how to use this style.

This is one of the two most common styles you will be expected to use at the university, so it a good idea to familiarize yourself with it.

Helpful APA Style Websites

The Chicago Manual of Style produced by the University of Chicago is widely used in the publishing industry. It is a common reference work not only for proper citations, but for all aspects of English grammar and style. Kate L. Turabian produced a modified version of this style that is also widely popular.

Most courses at NWOSU do not use Chicago or Turabian, but these resources are included here for your reference.

Chicago Manual of Style

Helpful Chicago Manual of Style Websites

Turabian

Helpful Turabian Website​​

This style is produced by the American Medical Association and is most commonly used in disciplines related to medicine. Check the eBook version of the manual and the websites linked below.

Helpful AMA Websites

This style is produced by the Associated Press and is standard for journalism. Check the links below to learn about this style.

Helpful AP Format Websites

This style, published jointly by several prestigious law journals, is used primarily by lawyers for citing legal documents such as court cases, dockets, statutes, or the U.S. Constitution. The APA format defers to the Bluebook for legal citations—in other words, to cite a legal document in APA format, you must use Bluebook style.

Helpful Bluebook Websites

Unfortunately, fewer simplified explanations or citation generators exist for the Bluebook than for other common styles. Nonetheless, the following resources are available:

  • The Legal Information Institute has an extensive description of Bluebook citation, with examples.
  • Gallagher Law Library has compiled a selection of Bluebook resources.
  • LegalEase is an online citation generator for Bluebook. It is a paid service, but allows a free seven-day trial.
  • Citation Machine generates Bluebook citations (this is a Chegg service and is therefore extremely ad-heavy).

Research & Citation Management Tools

Infographic indicating that all ideas from other sources must be cited

Writing Tools

Automatic Citation Help

Front Range Community College Brighton Center. "EBSCO Citations in MLA 8th Edition Style." YouTube, 10 Aug. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=pzu_-gmnq3o. Accessed 11 Sept. 2018.
WorldCatUser. “WorldCat.org Citations Tool.” YouTube, 10 Apr. 2008, www.youtube.com/watch?v=X8W7kWMrVNk&t. Accessed 11 Sept. 2018.
Christensen, Sharon. “Citation Tools in Gale Database.” YouTube, 31 Jan. 2018, www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJhHvDzxCgc. Accessed 21 Sept. 2018.
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