Give Credit Where It's Due
It's important to cite your sources to demonstrate that you've done your research and to ensure that you aren't taking credit for someone else's work. Different standards have been developed for creating proper citations. Use this page to find resources on the major citation styles.
Different academic disciplines have preferred styles, and some professors may have their own standards. Make sure you find out from your professor what citation style to use in your assignments. See the box below to find resources on the most common styles.
Citation Style Guides
Modern Language Association (MLA) Format
The MLA format, created by the Modern Language Association, is commonly used in English and the humanities. Find the handbook at the library or explore the websites linked below to learn how to use this style in your papers.
This is one of the two most common styles you will be expected to use at the university, so it is a good idea to familiarize yourself with it.
American Psychological Association (APA) Format
The APA format, created by the American Psychological Association, is commonly used in the sciences. See the guide available at the library or check the websites linked below to learn how to use this style.
This is one of the two most common styles you will be expected to use at the university, so it a good idea to familiarize yourself with it.
The Chicago Manual of Style and Turabian Formats
The Chicago Manual of Style produced by the University of Chicago is widely used in the publishing industry. It is a common reference work not only for proper citations, but for all aspects of English grammar and style. Kate L. Turabian produced a modified version of this style that is also widely popular.
Most courses at NWOSU do not use Chicago or Turabian, but these resources are included here for your reference.
Helpful Turabian Website
American Medical Association (AMA) Format
This style is produced by the American Medical Association and is most commonly used in disciplines related to medicine. Check the eBook version of the manual and the websites linked below.
Research & Citation Management Tools
EndNote Basic is the free, limited, online version of EndNote. EndNote basic gives you the tools for learning how to do research, cite sources, write term papers, and even match your manuscript to a scientific journal.
Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network to help you keep track of your research and collaborate. Mendeley can be used as a web-based application OR as a desktop program.
Zotero is a free, easy-to-use Firefox extension to help you collect, manage, and cite your research sources. Zotero lives right where you do your work—in the web browser itself.
Automatic Citation Help
Front Range Community College Brighton Center. "EBSCO Citations in MLA 8th Edition Style." YouTube, 10 Aug. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=pzu_-gmnq3o. Accessed 11 Sept. 2018.
WorldCatUser. "WorldCat.org Citations Tool." YouTube, 10 Apr. 2008, www.youtube.com/watch?v=X8W7kWMrVNk&t. Accessed 11 Sept. 2018.
Christensen, Sharon. "Citation Tools in Gale Database." YouTube, 31 Jan. 2018, www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJhHvDzxCgc. Accessed 21 Sept. 2018.